Types of Cooling Systems

Having proper cooling in your home is an important part of keeping your home comfortable and relaxing. It also offers surprising health benefits. Your body temperature increases at night, so a cool room lessens the chance of you getting hot enough and waking up. It is recommended that you keep your bedroom around 65 degrees while you are sleeping. Unless you live somewhere very cold, or it is winter, there is no way that you can keep your room that cool without having some sort of cooling unit in your home. There are four main types of cooling units that are used for homes.

Central Air Conditioner

This is the most common type of air conditioning unit. It uses a three-part system to deliver cold air through ducts that are placed throughout your house. The system includes a condenser, an evaporator, and a compressor. Copper tubes that are filled with refrigerant run from the evaporator to the condenser. The compressor, which is often located outside, releases heat while it pressurizes the refrigerant into a liquid. The liquid refrigerant then travels back inside, where it can absorb the heat of the surrounding air. As the heat is absorbed, the refrigerant goes through the evaporator and turns into a gaseous form, which then travels back out to the compressor. Central air conditioners run off electricity, so it is important to get an efficient model if you want to keep your bills as low as possible during the hot summer months.

Ductless Mini-Split Systems

A ductless mini-split system works in a very similar manner to the central air units, it just does not use ductwork. It is made up of two parts. The indoor unit blows the hot air from your home over cold evaporator coils. This allows the refrigerant inside the coils to absorb the heat. Then, the refrigerant goes to the outdoor unit where the heat is released.

Heat Pumps

Heat pumps are a good option if you live in an area with a more moderate climate. They are just a single unit that can pull heat out of the air or ground, and they are often used to heat buildings or hot tubs. However, they can also be reversed so that they are pulling the hot air out of your home and releasing it outside.

Evaporative Air Conditioners

This type of cooling unit is frequently referred to as a swamp cooler. They work well in low-humidity environments. They pull air from outside through a water-saturated pad. The water can evaporate into the air, which can lower its temperature by up to 40 degrees Fahrenheit. As the cold air is pushed into your home, the hot air is pushed out through windows and doors, effectively cooling your home.